Earth Sciences (2020)
Earth Sciences offers a broad understanding of Earth's landscape features and processes and includes a range of branches of the subject, including soil science, hydrology, geomorphology, physical geography, volcanology, sedimentary geology, coastal marine studies, engineering geology and environmental science.
Earth Sciences is available as a first major for the Bachelor of Science (BSc) and Bachelor of Science (Technology) (BSc(Tech)). Earth Sciences may also be taken as a second major in other undergraduate degrees, subject to approval of the Division in which the student is enrolled.
To complete Earth Sciences as a single major for the BSc and the BSc(Tech), students must gain 135 points, including EARTH101, EARTH102, EARTH211, EARTH221, EARTH231, EARTH241, and at least 45 points from 300-level Earth Sciences papers.
To complete Earth Sciences as part of a double major for the BSc, BSc(Tech) or other undergraduate degree, students must gain 120 points, including EARTH101, EARTH102, EARTH211, EARTH221, EARTH231, EARTH241, and at least 30 points from 300-level Earth Sciences papers.
Students with a special interest in physical geography should consult with the subject convenor before selecting their papers. The majority of papers in Earth Sciences include both laboratory practical and field work.
Further information regarding papers, staff and research details can be found in brochures available from the School of Science office or website.
On this page
- Prescriptions for the GradCert(EarthSc) and GradDip(EarthSc)
- Prescriptions for the PGCert(EarthSc), PGDip(EarthSc), BSc(Hons), MSc, MSc(Res) and MSc(Tech)
- Prescriptions for the MPhil
- Prescriptions for the PhD
- 100 Level
- 200 Level
- 300 Level
- 500 Level
- 800 Level
- 900 Level
Prescriptions for the GradCert(EarthSc) and GradDip(EarthSc)
A Graduate Certificate and Graduate Diploma are available to graduates who have not included Earth Sciences at an advanced level in their first degree.
For further details, contact the School of Science.
Prescriptions for the PGCert(EarthSc), PGDip(EarthSc), BSc(Hons), MSc, MSc(Res) and MSc(Tech)
Students in masters degrees are normally required to take a thesis and a selection of papers. Normally, only 30 points from ENVSC coded paper may be taken as part of an Earth Sciences graduate qualification. Enrolment in papers towards the BSc(Hons) is only by invitation of the Graduate Convenor. Candidates for these graduate qualifications should select their papers in consultation with the Graduate Convenor.
To complete a BSc(Hons) in Earth Sciences, students must complete 120 points at 500 level, including at least 60 points from the papers listed for Earth Sciences, of which at least 30 points must be of research (normally ERTH591).
Prescriptions for the MPhil
The Master of Philosophy is a one year research-based degree in which students undertake a programme of approved and supervised research that leads to a thesis that critically investigates an approved topic of substance and significance, demonstrates expertise in the methods of research and scholarship, displays intellectual independence and makes a substantial original contribution to the subject area concerned, and is of publishable quality.
Prescriptions for the PhD
The Doctor of Philosophy is a three syear research-based degree in which students undertake a programme of approved and supervised research that leads to a thesis that critically investigates an approved topic of substance and significance, demonstrates expertise in the methods of research and scholarship, displays intellectual independence and makes a substantial original contribution to the subject area concerned, and is of publishable quality.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location EARTH101 Introduction to Earth System Sciences 15.0 20B (Hamilton) & 20B (Tauranga) A lecture and laboratory paper that explores the interacting processes that affect the surface of the Earth, producing landforms and resources, with a focus on physical processes. Topics covered include coastal processes and hazards; climate change; weathering; erosion and mass movement; soil formation; the hydrological cycle; rive... EARTH102 Discovering Planet Earth 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper explores the Earth's interior and its dynamic interaction with the crust, including: the major rocks and minerals; interpreting the rock record and geologic maps; the geological time scale and fossils; plate tectonics; volcanism; earthquakes.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location EARTH211 Earth Resources and Materials 15.0 20A (Hamilton) An introduction to the nature, composition and origin of Earth materials and resources. Topics covered include mineral properties and their uses; process origins of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks; and the importance of Earth materials as a societal resource. The paper also encompasses the petrographic and analytical cha... EARTH221 Soil Science 15.0 20B (Hamilton) An introduction to the nature, formation, and classification of soils, their physical, chemical, mineralogical, and biological properties, and issues of soil quality, land degradation and sustainable management. The paper also encompasses the properties, genesis, and distribution of the soils of New Zealand and their use. EARTH231 Water Resources, Weather and Climate 15.0 20A (Hamilton) Introduction to physical processes that influence the distribution of water in space and time within Aotearoa-New Zealand. Topics include mid-latitude weather and atmospheric precipitation processes that ultimately affect the availability of water across Aotearoa-New Zealand's diverse landscapes: a description of surface water reso... EARTH241 Oceanography 15.0 20B (Hamilton) & 20B (Tauranga) This paper introduces students to the broad scale properties, issues, and research importance of the global ocean via the main disciplines of oceanography: particularly biological, chemical, geological and physical oceanography EARTH251 Spatial Analysis in Geosciences 15.0 20A (Hamilton) An introduction to quantitative spatial analysis in the geosciences, including production of maps and cross-sections of geomorphology and Earth materials from field and aerial image interpretation, use of 3D models of Earth materials, and an appreciation of volumes and stresses in the Earth's crust.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location EARTH311 Volcanology 15.0 20A (Hamilton) A study of pyroclastic rocks, physical volcanology, volcanic hazards, the origin of magmas, crystallisation of rock-forming minerals and phase equilibria, petrology and trace element geochemistry of volcanic rocks, and geothermal and mineral resources. EARTH312 Sedimentary Geology 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This paper explores the links between sedimentary rocks and past environments through two major strands: reconstructing depositional environments and understanding the effects of sea-level change on sedimentary processes (sequence stratigraphy). A third strand explores the economic aspects of sedimentary geology, in particular aspe... EARTH313 Engineering Geology 15.0 20A (Hamilton) Engineering Geology is the application of the principles of Earth Sciences to ensure hazards associated with landslides or unfavourable soil and rock conditions are idetified in engineering or environmental work. This paper gives an introduction to the field of engineering geology. Topics covered include: landslide processes and th... EARTH321 Pedology and Land Evaluation 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This paper comprises two parts that provide the fundamentals of pedology and examine its role in land-use related issues and land management. Part (1): the stratigraphy of soils, their formation and classification in New Zealand; the occurrence and variability spatially of soils, and how they can be mapped using classical and digit... EARTH322 Soil and Water Management 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper integrates an understanding of land/soil and water processes that occur at paddock to catchment to national scales. A focus is on management practices that optimise resource use for productive purposes with attention to avoidance or minimisation of environmental effects. Topics include soil degradation, soil fertility, ... EARTH331 Hydrology and Water Resources 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This paper introduces students to the techniques of both resource and hazard analysis of fresh water. There is focus on groundwater modelling for resource studies, at the regional level and for analysis of pumped wells. There are also aspects of surface water application, including hydro power studies. Hazard aspects will include t... EARTH341 Coastal Oceanography 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper focuses on the physical oceanography of the coastal zone. Topics include estuarine circulation, wind driven currents on the shelf, longwaves, resonance, seiching, methodologies for quantifying processes and coastal responses, waves and surfzone processes. EARTH342 Coastal Geomorphology and Management 15.0 20B (Hamilton) & 20B (Tauranga) This paper focuses on understanding of coastal processes, sediments, and evolution of coastal landforms as a basis for coastal management. Topics covered include coastal sediments and processes; coastal landforms, their origin and evolution; coastal hazards and their mitigation; and case studies of coastal issues.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location EARTH501 Volcanic Techniques and Applications 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper investigates geological techniques used to reconstruct eruption processes and histories, and their application to society, including volcanic facies analysis, tephra studies (tephrochronology), volcanic glass and mineral studies, juvenile and lithic studies, and volcanic hazards. EARTH502 Land and Soil: Resources and Risks 15.0 20A (Hamilton) In this paper students initially gain practical experience in large-scale soil mapping and in evaluating land-use capability (LUC) on a research farm. They then examine various issues associated with land use, especially its intensification, including the management of farm dairy effluent, soil degradation, and soil contamination. ... EARTH503 Coastal Processes: Analysis and Prediction 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper considers techniques to predict coastal processes for management and research, including assessment of which processes to observe, how to obtain and analyse data, and using results for prediction. EARTH504 Geohazard Risk 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This seminar paper evaluates the methodologies used to characterise risk associated with geohazards, and assesses the impact of strategies employed to avoid or mitigate this risk. EARTH505 River Dynamics 15.0 No occurrences This module investigates the processes that control the evolution of river form and structure over timescales of storm events to decades, through a combination of theory, environmental remote sensing and numerical modelling. EARTH506 Geological Models 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This paper focusses on the development and application of 2D and 3D conceptual and numerical models of Earth materials. Discussion includes data acquisition, model development, and interpretation. EARTH507 Hydrological Analysis and Modelling 15.0 20B (Hamilton) This paper focuses on the methodologies of hydrological data analysis and simulation-modelling, incorporating applied hydrology including extreme event analysis, hydropower operation and groundwater modelling. ENVSC503 Greenhouse Gas Fluxes from Land 15.0 20A (Hamilton) Processes and factors controlling exchanges of water, carbon and greenhouse gases in natural or managed ecosystems, methodologies to quantify them, and approaches to mitigate undesirable anthropogenic consequences. ERTH591 Dissertation 30.0 20X (Hamilton) A report on the findings of a theoretical or empirical investigation. ERTH595 Earth Sciences Thesis 150.0 20X (Hamilton) An externally examined piece of written work that reports on the findings of supervised research. SCIEN511 Scientific Supercomputing 15.0 20B (Hamilton) A practical introduction to undertaking scientific research on a supercomputer. The paper assumes no prior knowledge. SCIEN512 Data Analysis and Experimental Design 15.0 20A (Hamilton) This paper covers aspects of research design for experiments, and methods for analysis of scientific data using modern statistical techniques. SCIEN589 Directed Study 15.0 20A (Hamilton), 20A (Tauranga), 20B (Hamilton), 20B (Tauranga), 20C (Hamilton) & 20C (Tauranga) No description available. SCIEN592 Dissertation 60.0 20I (Hamilton), 20I (Tauranga), 20X (Hamilton) & 20X (Tauranga) A report on the findings of a theoretical or empirical investigation. SCIEN593 Thesis 90.0 20X (Hamilton) & 20X (Tauranga) An externally examined piece of written work that reports on the findings of supervised research. SCIEN594 Thesis 120.0 20I (Hamilton), 20J (Hamilton), 20X (Hamilton) & 20X (Tauranga) An externally examined piece of written work that reports on the findings of supervised research.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location ERTH800 Earth Sciences MPhil Thesis 120.0 20X (Hamilton) No description available.
Code Paper Title Points Occurrence / Location ERTH900 Earth Sciences PhD Thesis 120.0 20I (Tauranga), 20I1 (Hamilton), 20I3 (Hamilton) & 20X (Hamilton) No description available.
2020 Catalogue of Papers information current as of : 10 January 2022 12:10pm