Chemical and Biological Engineering (2019)

The Chemical and Biological Engineering programme covers the production and processing of biochemicals and related materials, including the design and operation of reactors and separation processes. The programme combines the traditional process engineering fundamentals with chemistry, advanced biochemistry and microbiology. This programme provides an excellent basis for a career in the chemical, material, bioprocess food and pharmaceutical industries focusing on developing highly valuable products.

Chemical and Biological Engineering is available as a specified programme for the BE(Hons).

To complete the specified programme in Chemical and Biological Engineering, students must complete the following programme.


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  • Year 1

    Students must take the following papers: CHEMY102, ENGEN101, ENGEN102, ENGEN103, ENGEN112, ENGEN170 and ENGEN180.

    Plus 15 points of electives from: BIOEB101, CHEMY101, ENGEN110 or ENGEN111.

  • Year 2

    Students must take the following papers: ENGCB223, ENGCB224, ENGCB280, ENGEN201, ENGEN270, ENGEN271, ENGME221 and ENGMP211.

    Plus 15 points of electives from: BIOMO203, CHEMY203 or CHEMY204.

    If you are studying the Diploma in Engineering Professional Practice, concurrent with the BE(Hons), you must complete ENGEN272 (in place of ENGEN271).

  • Year 3

    Students must take the following papers: ENGCB321, ENGCB322, ENGCB323, ENGCB324, ENGCB380, ENGEN301, ENGEN370 and ENGEN371.

    Plus 15 points of electives from: CHEMY201, CHEMY202, BIOMO303, CHEMY303, CHEMY304, ENGEV341 or ENGEN390.

    If you are studying the Diploma in Engineering Professional Practice, concurrent with the BE(Hons), you must complete ENGEN372 (in place of ENGEN371).

  • Year 4

    Students must take the following papers: ENGCB521, ENGCB580, ENGEN570 and ENGEN581.

    Plus 30 points of electives (with no more than one 300 level paper) from: BIOMO303, CHEMY303, CHEMY304, ENGCV323, ENGEN391, ENGEV341, ENGCB523, ENGCB527, ENGEV541, ENGEV542 or ENGME580.

  • 100 Level

    Code Paper Title Occurrence / Location
    BIOMO101Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology19B (Hamilton)
    An introduction to the central concepts of Molecular and Cellular Biology, including the ultrastructure and function of cells, the biochemical processes involved, and the role of DNA in cellular function, inheritance and evolution.
    CHEMY101Structure and Spectroscopy19A (Hamilton), 19A (Secondary School - Unistart) & 19C (Hamilton)
    A theoretical and practical course covering aspects of analytical and inorganic chemistry. This course is required for the chemistry major.
    CHEMY102Chemical Reactivity19B (Hamilton) & 19B (Secondary School - Unistart)
    A theoretical and practical course covering aspects of physical and organic chemistry. This course is required for the chemistry major.
    EARTH101Introduction to Earth System Sciences19A (Hamilton) & 19A (Tauranga)
    A lecture and laboratory paper that explores the interacting processes that affect the surface of the Earth, producing landforms and resources, with a focus on physical processes. Topics covered include coastal processes and hazards; climate change; weathering; erosion and mass movement; soil formation; the hydrological cycle; rive...
    EARTH102Discovering Planet Earth19B (Hamilton)
    This paper explores the Earth's interior and its dynamic interaction with the crust, including: the major rocks and minerals; interpreting the rock record and geologic maps; the geological time scale and fossils; plate tectonics; volcanism; earthquakes.
    ENGEN103Engineering Computing19A (Hamilton), 19A (Tauranga) & 19T (Hamilton)
    This paper introduces computer programming in languages such as Python. It provides the basis for the programming skills required in more advanced papers.
    ENGEN110Engineering Mechanics19A (Tauranga), 19B (Hamilton), 19B (Tauranga) & 19T (Hamilton)
    Statics and dynamics of rigid bodies. Application of freebody diagrams and equations of equilibrium to calculate internal and external forces and moments on/in structures and mechanisms. Kinetics and kinematics of particles. Geometric properties of areas.
    ENGEN111Electricity and Electronics19A (Hamilton), 19A (Tauranga), 19B (Tauranga) & 19T (Hamilton)
    Students are introduced to underlying concepts in electricity such as current, voltage and power, and apply these concepts in a laboratory by making circuits and measuring them with common laboratory instruments.
    ENGEN112Materials Science and Engineering19B (Hamilton) & 19B (Tauranga)
    Introduction to engineering materials (metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, semiconductors and biomaterials) and their atomic structure and mechanical properties. Includes; elastic and plastic deformation, fracture mechanisms, failure in service, iron-carbon phase diagram, redox reactions in corrosion, production of polymers, ce...
    ENGEN170Engineering and Society19B (Hamilton) & 19B (Tauranga)
    Introduction to the role of engineering in society in particular understanding of Treaty of Waitangi, history of science, engineering and technology, philosophy and ethics and public participation, participatory design, sustainability.
    ENGEN180Foundations of Engineering19A (Hamilton) & 19A (Tauranga)
    Introduction to the engineering design process and computer aided design, fundamental principles of engineering analysis, open ended problem solving, engineering economics and the skills of a successful engineer. Includes a design-build-test experience.
    ENGEN183Linear Algebra and Statistics for Engineers19A (Hamilton), 19A (Tauranga), 19B (Hamilton) & 19B (Tauranga)
    A study of introductory statistics and the fundamental techniques of algebra including Gaussian elimination, vector and matrix algebra, complex numbers, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, as well as basic statistical notions and tools, with engineering applications.
    ENGEN184Calculus for Engineers19A (Hamilton), 19A (Tauranga), 19B (Hamilton), 19B (Tauranga), 19S (Hamilton), 19S (Tauranga) & 19T (Hamilton)
    A study of the fundamental techniques of calculus, including differentiation and integration for functions of one real variable, with engineering applications.
  • 200 Level

    Code Paper Title Occurrence / Location
    BIOMO201Biochemistry19A (Hamilton)
    The aim of this paper is to familiarize students with the structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates (as fundamental molecules of life). Students will be introduced to molecular techniques used to study these molecules and gain an appreciation of how they interact in living organisms in health and d...
    BIOMO202Genetics19B (Hamilton)
    This paper deals with genetics in the widest sense from the molecular and cellular to the applied and evolutionary. Both prokaryote and eukaryote genetics are discussed with respect to DNA replication, hereditary, gene expression and control, and the role of mutations at both the DNA and chromosomal levels. The paper provides a pat...
    BIOMO203Microbiology19A (Hamilton)
    This paper will focus on microbial cell structure, function, and metabolism. Content and context will be drawn from both human and environmental examples. Students will acquire skills in microbiological laboratory techniques, data collection, data analysis, and report presentation. This paper is required for the Molecular and Cellu...
    BIOMO204Cell and Organ Physiology in Health and Disease19B (Hamilton)
    This paper integrates basic cell physiology with organ-based physiology and histology, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of the structure-function relationships in physiological processes. Intercellular communication, tissue/organ structure and systems physiology will be discussed in the context of health and di...
    CHEMY201Organic Chemistry19B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers aspects of organic chemistry including reaction mechanisms with carbanion and radical intermediates; mechanisms of reactions of carbonyl groups and multiple electrophilic substitutions of aromatic rings, also an introduction to carbohydrate chemistry is provided.
    CHEMY202Physical Chemistry19B (Hamilton)
    This course covers aspects of physical chemistry including thermodynamics and phase equilibria; chemical kinetics; conductance and electrochemistry.
    CHEMY203Inorganic Chemistry19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers aspects of inorganic chemistry including structure and reactivity of the main-group elements; point-group symmetry; molecular orbital, crystal field theories; transition metal coordination complexes.
    CHEMY204Analytical Chemistry19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers aspects of analytical chemistry including characterisation using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass-spectrometry (MS); qualitative and quantitative analysis of mixtures using gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
    EARTH211Earth Resources and Materials19A (Hamilton)
    An introduction to the nature, composition and origin of Earth materials and resources. Topics covered include: mineral properties and their uses; process origins of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks; and the importance of Earth materials as a societal resource. The paper also encompasses the petrographic and analytical ch...
    EARTH221Soil Science19B (Hamilton)
    An introduction to the nature, formation, and classification of soils, their physical, chemical, mineralogical, and biological properties, and issues of soil quality, land degradation and sustainable management. The paper also encompasses the properties, genesis, and distribution of the soils of New Zealand and their use.
    EARTH231Water Resources, Weather and Climate19A (Hamilton)
    Introduction to physical processes that influence the distribution of water in space and time within Aotearoa-New Zealand. Topics include mid-latitude weather and atmospheric precipitation processes that ultimately affect the availability of water across Aotearoa-New Zealand's diverse landscapes: a description of surface water reso...
    EARTH241Oceanography19B (Hamilton)
    This paper introduces students to the broad scale properties, issues, and research importance of the global ocean via the main disciplines of oceanography: particularly biological, chemical, geological and physical oceanography
    EARTH251Spatial Analysis in Geosciences19A (Hamilton)
    An introduction to quantitative spatial analysis in the geosciences, including production of maps and cross-sections of geomorphology and Earth materials from field and aerial image interpretation, use of 3D models of Earth materials, and an appreciation of volumes and stresses in the Earth's crust.
    ENGCB223Fluid Mechanics19B (Hamilton)
    Basic principles of fluid statics and dynamics, including fluid viscosity, Bernoulli and mechanical energy equation, momentum analysis, dimensional analysis, flow in pipes, ducts and channels, and external flow over objects.
    ENGCB224Heat and Mass Transfer19B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the fundamentals of heat and mass transfer analysis, including conduction, heat convection, radiation, molecular diffusion and mass convection. Finned surfaces and heat exchangers are also covered.
    ENGCB280Process Engineering Design 119B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers mass balances around reactors and separation processes used by engineers in process design, CAD tools for process flow diagrams, pipe and instrumentation diagrams, and simple batch and continuous process modelling using software tools.
    ENGEN201Engineering Mathematics 219B (Hamilton) & 19S (Hamilton)
    Calculus of Several Variables and its Applications. Vector calculus (Green's, Gauss' and Stokes' theorems). Taylor's Theorem in n dimensions. Introduction to ordinary differential equations and methods to solve them.
    ENGEN270Engineering and Business19A (Hamilton)
    This paper focuses on empowering students to become “business savvy” and prepared to enter the workplace and solve real-world problems. Topics covered include; team formation, design thinking, Lean Canvas, project management, Agile, risk management, project finance, professional ethics, preparing for the workplace, and business...
    ENGEN271Engineering Work Placement 119C (Hamilton), 19S (Hamilton) & 19T (Hamilton)
    First work placement involving 400 hours of work experience at an approved engineering organisation relevant to your studies. Typically undertaken during the summer semesters at the end of second year.
    ENGME221Engineering Thermodynamics19A (Hamilton) & 19T (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the fundamental concepts and laws of thermodynamics, including thermodynamics properties of substances, first and second law analysis, power cycles, refrigeration cycles and simple combustion analysis of engines.
    ENGMP211Materials 119A (Hamilton)
    This paper will provide a foundation for understanding the relationship between material structure, processing and behaviour to support engineering of materials and engineering with materials.
    ENGMP213Mechanics of Materials 119A (Hamilton)
    Calculation of displacements (translations or rotations) and stresses in skeletal structural members (bars, beams and shafts). Stresses in structural connections. Critical loads of struts under standard boundary conditions. Transformation of normal and shear stresses through use of Mohr's circle.
  • 300 Level

    Code Paper Title Occurrence / Location
    BIOMO301Advanced Biochemistry19B (Hamilton)
    This paper builds on the principles of biochemistry introduced in BIOMO201 to examine molecular mechanisms underlying cellular communication and trafficking of proteins between organelles, cellular stress responses, cell death, and the degradation of biomolecules. Students will also examine the molecular basis of human diseases suc...
    BIOMO302Advanced Genetics19A (Hamilton)
    This paper will provide advanced knowledge on microbial and eukaryotic genomes, next generation sequencing, bioinformatics, gene editing, the regulation and expression of genes, human disease, and population genetics.
    BIOMO303Advanced Microbiology19B (Hamilton)
    The paper will provide knowledge of microbial functions and the role of the microbiome in human and ecosystem health.
    BIOMO304Applied Animal Physiology19A (Hamilton)
    The paper will provide a knowledge of mammalian physiology and its application to research in health, exercise and primary production.
    BIOMO306Molecular Biology and Health19B (Hamilton)
    This paper will provide the application of molecular biology knowledge and skills in the health sciences. This paper is specifically designed to bring together the areas of genetics, biochemistry, microbiology and physiology and look at how they are informing the prevention and treatment of human diseases. Throughout the paper, Uni...
    CHEMY301Advanced Organic Chemistry19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers advanced aspects of organic chemistry including pericyclic reactions, natural product chemistry, organic synthesis including retrosynthetic analysis and stereo-electronic influences in carbohydrate chemistry.
    CHEMY302Advanced Physical Chemistry19A (Hamilton)
    This course covers advanced aspects of physical chemistry including quantum mechanics and spectroscopy; statistical thermodynamics; surface chemistry.
    CHEMY303Advanced Inorganic Chemistry19B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers advanced aspects of inorganic chemistry including heavy transition elements; f-elements; organometallic chemistry of main group and transition metals; bioinorganic chemistry; solid state chemistry.
    CHEMY304Advanced Analytical Chemistry19B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers advanced aspects of analytical chemistry including inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), Mossbauer and Raman spectroscopy, quality control and assurance, sampling techniques and method validation.
    EARTH311Volcanology19A (Hamilton)
    A study of pyroclastic rocks, physical volcanology, volcanic hazards, the origin of magmas, crystallisation of rock-forming minerals and phase equilibria, petrology and trace element geochemistry of volcanic rocks, and geothermal and mineral resources.
    EARTH312Sedimentary Geology19B (Hamilton)
    The ultimate goal of sedimentary geology is to reconstruct the history of the Earth's surface. This paper explores the links between sedimentary rocks and past environments through two major strands: reconstructing depositional environments and understanding the effects of sea-level change on sedimentary processes (sequence stratig...
    EARTH313Engineering Geology19A (Hamilton)
    Engineering Geology is the application of the principles of earth sciences to ensure hazards associated with landslides or unfavourable soil and rock conditions are identified in engineering or environmental work. This paper gives an introduction to the field of engineering geology. Topics covered include: landslide processes and t...
    EARTH321Pedology and Land Evaluation19B (Hamilton)
    This paper comprises two parts that provide the fundamentals of pedology and examine its role in land-use related issues and land management. Part (1): the stratigraphy of soils, their formation and classification in New Zealand; the occurrence and variability spatially of soils, and how they can be mapped using classical and digit...
    EARTH322Soil and Water Management19A (Hamilton)
    This paper integrates an understanding of land/soil and water processes that occur at paddock to catchment to national scales. A focus is on management practices that optimise resource use for productive purposes with attention to avoidance or minimisation of environmental effects. Topics include soil degradation, soil fertility, ...
    EARTH331Hydrology and Water Resources19B (Hamilton)
    This paper introduces students to the techniques of both resource and hazard analysis of fresh water. There is focus on groundwater modelling for resource studies, at the regional level and for analysis of pumped wells. There are also aspects of surface water application, including hydro power studies. Hazard aspects will include t...
    EARTH341Coastal Oceanography19A (Hamilton)
    This paper focuses on the physical oceanography of the coastal zone. Topics include estuarine circulation, wind driven currents on the shelf, longwaves, resonance, seiching, methodologies for quantifying processes and coastal responses, waves and surfzone processes.
    EARTH342Coastal Geomorphology and Management19B (Hamilton) & 19B (Tauranga)
    This paper focuses on understanding of coastal processes, sediments, and evolution of coastal landforms as a basis for coastal management. Topics covered include coastal sediments and processes; coastal landforms, their origin and evolution; coastal hazards and their mitigation; and case studies of coastal issues.
    ENGCB321Thermal Engineering19B (Hamilton)
    Application of engineering thermodynamics to steady and unsteady industrial processes, including, steam boiler systems, advanced power and refrigeration cycles, cooling towers and plant utility systems
    ENGCB322Chemical and Biological Operations19B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the principle and application of enzymes, concepts of fermentation technology, principles of bioreactor operation, bioprocess variables and their measurement, key product separation techniques, and bioprocess economics.
    ENGCB323Chemical Reaction Engineering19A (Hamilton)
    This paper is an introduction to the quantitative treatment of chemical and biological reaction and reactor engineering, including homogeneous and heterogeneous reacting systems.
    ENGCB324Mass Transfer Operations19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the application of heat and mass transfer, and thermodynamics to chemical and physical separation process.
    ENGCB380Process Engineering Design 219B (Hamilton)
    Conceptual and detailed design, costing and economic assessment of chemical, biological and materials process plants, including software and numerical simulation, separation trains, heat exchanger and pump sizing, and reactor kinetics.
    ENGCV312Structural Engineering 219B (Hamilton)
    Analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate structures including cables, arches, trusses and portal frames. Calculating load paths and influence line diagrams. Structural analysis methods including energy, displacement, force, and stiffness. Introduction to plastic theory and assumed mechanisms.
    ENGCV323Water Engineering 219A (Hamilton)
    Application of hydraulics and hydrology in water engineering such as design of water distribution systems, fundamentals of flow in open channels, design of hydraulic structures, fundamentals of surface water hydrology, rainfall-runoff models, analysis and modelling of hydrological processes, fundamentals of groundwater hydrology, d...
    ENGCV331Geotechnical Engineering 219B (Hamilton)
    Advanced course in geotechnical engineering including analysis and design of shallow and deep foundations, and retaining structures under a variety of conditions, includes a project based learning activity that reinforces threshold concepts and theory.
    ENGCV351Construction 219A (Hamilton)
    Construction processes and building technology including surveying, site preparation, earthworks, foundations, Building Information Modelling (BIM), risk assessment, site health and safety, construction project management, demolition and site remediation.
    ENGCV380Civil Design Challenge 219B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the structural design and analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings. Topics covered include the design and analysis of singly- and doubly-reinforced beams, short and slender columns, joint connections, detailing and bending schedule, and understanding the performance of concrete and steel as structural materi...
    ENGEN301Engineering Mathematics 319A (Hamilton)
    Introduces numerical methods and statistical ideas relevant to Engineering.
    ENGEN371Engineering Work Placement 219C (Hamilton)
    Second work placement involving 400 hours of work experience at an approved engineering organisation relevant to your studies. Typically undertaken during the summer semesters at the end of third year.
    ENGEN390Special Topics in Engineering 119A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton), 19D (Hamilton) & 19Y (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN391Special Topics in Engineering 219A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton), 19D (Hamilton) & 19Y (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEV341Environmental Engineering 219B (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the design, operation and management of unit processes used in environmental engineering including air, water, wastewater, storm water, waste, soils and noise treatment and control systems.
    ENGEV342Sustainable Engineering19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers sustainability in engineering design within the context of quality standards, emissions, carbon accounting and life cycle analysis.
    ENGME352Control and Applications19A (Hamilton)
    This paper teaches students the theory and application of control in mechanical and electrical systems. This paper covers the introduction of s-domain and plane, open and closed-loop control, PID control, digital control, root locus and frequency response analysis.
    ENGME353Mechanical and Electrical Machines19A (Hamilton)
    This paper builds on the fundamentals taught in ENGEN110, ENGEN111 and ENGEN180; it covers application of electromechanical machine characteristics in drive design, selecting suitable power sources and matching transmission components. Problem-based learning is used in conjunction with experimentation to compare theory to real mach...
    ENGME357Mechatronics Design19B (Hamilton)
    This paper teaches students the basics of mechatronics with advanced theory of control and analysis. This paper covers theory of microcontrollers, state space, basic programming for obstacle avoidance, path planning and navigation of mobile robots.
    ENGME380Design and Manufacturing 219B (Hamilton)
    This paper uses problem and project based learning methods to help students gain knowledge and skills in design and manufacturing. Students will be taught how to apply dirty prototyping to a design project, and use modern manufacturing methods to design and produce a complex machine.
    ENGMP311Materials 219B (Hamilton)
    It will develop understanding of the relationship between material structure, processing and behaviour to support engineering of materials and engineering with materials.
    ENGMP313Mechanics of Materials 219B (Hamilton)
    Advanced level knowledge on mechanics and performance of materials, covering stress and strain transformations, failure criteria, unsymmetrical bending, torsion of non-circular sections, fatigue, materials selection and materials testing.
  • 500 Level

    Code Paper Title Occurrence / Location
    ENGCB521Advanced Process Control19A (Hamilton)
    This paper covers the fundamentals of process control, and introduces advanced process control strategies.
    ENGCB523Advanced Energy Engineering19A (Hamilton) & 19B (Hamilton)
    Application of engineering thermodynamics, process integration and pinch analysis to energy systems including renewable energy systems and energy storage, small and large industrial utility systems with and without cogeneration, distributed and smart energy systems, and green buildings.
    ENGCB527Advanced Biological Engineering19A (Hamilton)
    This paper will cover various kinetic aspects of the upstream and downstream segments of a fermentation process.
    ENGCB561Advanced Bioprocessing 119A (Hamilton)
    Theory of protein purification and selected large-scale bioprocesses.
    ENGCB563Food Technology 119A (Hamilton)
    No description available.
    ENGCB564Food Technology 219B (Hamilton)
    No description available.
    ENGCB580Process Engineering Design Project19C (Hamilton) & 19Y (Hamilton)
    This paper will cover various aspects of biochemical engineering used in producing biologically derived products including fermentation, downstream processing, and meat processing.
    ENGEN570Engineering and the Profession19Y (Hamilton)
    The roles and responsibilities of professional engineers are examined. Topics include; project management, leadership, negotiation, ethical responsibilities, legal duties, Treaty of Waitangi, intellectual property and professional communication.
    ENGEN581Honours Research Project19A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton) & 19Y (Hamilton)
    Final year honours research project carried out on a topic assigned and supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN583Special Topics in Engineering 319A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton), 19D (Hamilton) & 19Y (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN584Special Topics in Engineering 419A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton) & 19D (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN585Special Topics in Engineering 519A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton) & 19D (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN586Special Topics in Engineering 619A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton), 19C (Hamilton) & 19D (Hamilton)
    An independent theoretical literature or experimental investigation of an engineering topic supervised by a member of staff.
    ENGEN587Directed Study 119A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton) & 19C (Hamilton)
    Students have the opportunity to pursue a topic of their own interest under the guidance of academic staff.
    ENGEN588Directed Study 219A (Hamilton), 19B (Hamilton) & 19C (Hamilton)
    Students have the opportunity to pursue a topic of their own interest under the guidance of academic staff.
    ENGME580Product Innovation and Development19A (Hamilton)
    ENGME580 teaches students the innovation and product development process; levels of innovation, how to screen ideas, Intellectual Property and how to develop a Business Plan. Students will be required to start with a basic product brief, produce a product idea, design and develop a prototype and 'pitch' it to 'investors'.
    ENGMP511Advanced Materials Properties and Performance19A (Hamilton)
    This paper deals with advanced materials science knowledge and principles underlying materials behaviour and engineering.

2019 Catalogue of Papers information current as of : 31 March 2020 10:22am

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